The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a very specific process in place to fulfill its goal of "developing interoperable technologies" for the Web. In a nutshell, the process goes like this:
The W3C initially publishes a working draft of a document for review by the community.
A document can undergo several rounds of updates, each being released as a new working draft.
A working draft that W3C believes has been widely reviewed and satisfies the relevant technical requirements is released as a candidate recommendation.
A candidate recommendation that has proven technically sound is promoted to a proposed recommendation, which is sent to the W3C Advisory Committee for final endorsement.
A proposed recommendation ...