Appendix A. 

Useful Constants

Ideal Gas

  • R = 8314.34 m3·Pa/kg-mol·K

  • R = 8314.34 J/kg-mol·K

  • R = 8314.34 kg·m2/s2·kg-mol·K

  • R = 8.31434 J/g-mol·K

  • R = 0.082057 m3·atm/kg-mol·K

  • R = 1.9872 btu/lb-mol·°R

  • R = 1545.3 ft·lbf /lb-mol·°R

  • R = 0.7302 ft3·atm/lb-mol·°R

  • R = 10.731 ft3·lbf /in2·lb-mol·°R

  • R = 1.9872 cal/g-mol·K

  • R = 82.057 cm3·atm/g-mol·K

Stefan-Boltzmann

  • σ = 5.676 × 10−8 W/m2·K4

  • σ = 1.714 × 10−9 btu/h·ft2·°R4

Useful Conversion Factors

Temperature

  • K = °C + 273.15

  • °R = °F + 459.67

  • °F = 1.8 × °C + 32

  • °C = (5/9) × (°F − 32)

  • Δ °F = 1.8 × Δ °C

  • Δ °C = (5/9) × Δ °F

Mass

  • 1 kg = 1000 g = 2.2046 lbm

  • 1 metric ton = 1000 kg

  • 1 lbm = 453.59 g = 0.45359 kg

  • 1 short ton = 2000 lbm

  • 1 long ton = 2240 lbm

Length

  • 1 m = 3.2808 ft = 100 cm = 39.37 in

  • 1 μm = 1 micron = 10−6 m = 10−3 mm = 10−4 cm

  • 1 Å = ...

Get Problem Solving in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering with POLYMATH, now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.