Building a TCP Client
WHAT’S IN THIS CHAPTER?
- Connecting to a TCP server
- Sending and receiving data from a TCP server
- Reconnecting a broken connection
Sitting a level above IP, TCP is one of the most used transport protocols on the Internet, on top of which sit application protocols like HTTP. TCP is a connection-oriented protocol, which means that one endpoint requests and establishes a dedicated connection to another endpoint. This connection is a two-way dedicated stream into which both endpoints can send and receive data to/from each other at the same time. TCP guarantees that the messages you receive are in order. It has built-in mechanisms for flow control, making it a good platform for supporting machine-to-machine and human-to-machine protocols.
As you will see, Node makes it easy to build a TCP client that establishes a connection to another endpoint, usually what is called a TCP server. This connection then forms two streams of data that allow you to interact with the remote endpoint: One is a readable stream that receives data, and the other is a writable stream that writes data.