Chapter Three

Membrane Distillation (MD)

Mohamed Essalhi1,  and Mohamed Khayet1,2     1Department of Applied Physics I, Faculty of Physics, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain     2Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies of Water (IMDEA Water Institute), Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain

Abstract

During last 13 years interests on membrane distillation (MD) technology has increased significantly in different experimental and theoretical aspects. In this chapter, MD is described in general including terminology, history, possible MD configurations, membranes, modules, and applications in different fields. Membranes together with their required characteristics as well as recent commercial modules offered by some companies are provided. An overview ...

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