External Mass Transfer
Liquid mass transfer or convection coefficient is a flow dependent parameter, which is evaluated by use of empirical and semiempirical correlations. One of the most well-known correlations for use in water treatment situations is the following (Chern and Chien, 2002):


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In the adsorption processes for wastewater treatment by use of granular activated carbon the Williamson correlation is proposed (Crittenden et al., 1987):


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Kataoka correlation has been used in ...

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