About the Author
Paul S. Royer is a senior project management consultant with specialties in project planning,
external quality assurance and risk assessment, project recovery, and project management oﬃce
administration and development. He was certiﬁed as a PMI® Project Management Professional®
in 2001 and practices his trade in the Paciﬁc Northwest.
Royer’s professional career in information technology began in 1965 as an engineering student
co-op trainee from UC Berkeley assigned to the Simulation Section of the Flight Research Center,
NASA, Edwards Air Force Base, California. From that beginning and after a stint as a military
policeman with the US Army, Paul continued in IT with 2 years at the Napa County Auditor-
Controller, completed his BA at UCB, and worked 26 years with Kaiser Permanente Medical Care
Program in Northern California, 10 years as a consultant at CIBER, 4 years leading his own ﬁrm
Proactive Risk Management, and since 2011 as the project management administrator for the
Washington State Health Beneﬁt Exchange’s Project Management Oﬃce.
Royer earned his bachelor of arts degree from the University of California at Berkeley, where he
has also taught logical data modeling, relational database design, and structured analysis. He has also
taught numerous project management classes while with Kaiser and CIBER and at the Community
College of Bellevue, Washington. In addition, he is a published author of “Risk Management: e
Undiscovered Dimension of Project Management” (2000, PMI Project Management Journal, 31
(1), March) and Project Risk Management: A Proactive Approach (2002, Vienna, VA: Management
Concepts). He has also delivered the following presentations on various aspects of risk manage-
ment: How Healthy Is Your Project? (PMI Connections 2000 Proceedings, September 2000), How
Healthy Is Your Program? (PMI New Jersey Chapter Annual Symposium, May 2001), and Risk
Management and the “Small” Project (PMI Puget Sound Chapter, September 2002).
Royer began as a programmer trainee taking on ever-increasing management responsibility
covering diverse specialties within IT for 20 years, ﬁnally transitioning into the ﬁeld of project/
program management in the late 1980s. Since 1997, Royer has provided more than 30 project
quality assurance and risk assessments to public agencies in Oregon, Washington, California,
and Missouri. e process improvement from these assessments increased project success rates;
although in a few cases, the best result was to help the sponsor shut down the project and mini-
mize loss. is assessment experience was key to developing the project health assessment tech-
niques described in this book.