“From where comes your desire to risk? Is it the mountain before you, or the chasm within?”
Michael Elmes, Ph.D., Professor of Organization Studies,WPI, Worcester, MA, USA
Narcissism is a personality trait that we all have a little bit of. Freud described it as a natural part of the human makeup. In healthy amounts it is described as having a positive self-regard for oneself, healthy self-esteem, and a realistic confidence in one’s abilities. In the academic literature healthy narcissism is sometimes called normal narcissism.
Unhealthy narcissism, such as is sometimes seen on the slopes of Everest or at the governance tables of troubled projects, is something different. It can add significant risk to already risky ...