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Project Management for IT-Related Projects by David I. Shepherd, Norman Smith, Brian West, Roger Ireland, Bob Hughes

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2.2 Approaches to planning

There are two approaches to identifying the components of a project: product-based and work- or activity-based.

2.2.1 Product-based planning

With the product-based approach, detailed planning usually begins with identifying the project deliverables, that is, the products that will be created by the project and delivered to the client. A product must be in some way tangible, but it can be any of a wide range of things. It could be a software component, a document, a piece of equipment or even a person (for example, a trained user). It could be a new version of some existing product, as with a modified version of a software component.

In the case of the Canal Dreams project, the deliverables may include:

  • a central, ...

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