This chapter focuses on the general evolution of project management from the 1940s through today's business environment. In the past four decades project management has grown from a means to achieve small project or activity completion to a key element in strategic planning. The use of powerful tools, enterprisewide methodologies, and processes to control activities and manage people and resources have become an accepted part of business management. The project life cycle, systems thinking, and the influence of project management processes on an organization's critical success factors have had a significant impact on overall organizational performance.

Glossary of terms

Key terms and definitions to review and remember

General Systems Management A management technique designed to cross many organizational disciplines. For example: finance, manufacturing, engineering, and marketing.

MMature Project Management The implementation of a standard methodology and accompanying processes that creates a high probability of repeated successes.

Product Scope The features and functions that characterize the deliverable. This includes dimensions, features and physical characteristics.

Program A group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control that is not available from managing them individually. Programs may include elements of related work outside the scope of the discrete projects in the program. ...

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