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Protecting Clean Air

Book Description

Having clean air to breathe is an often overlooked necessity, yet humans pollute the air through growing demand for energy and consumables. This book presents and overview of air quality, emission sources, criteria pollutants, greenhouse gases, control programs, and the impact of pollution on the atmosphere and global systems. Expertise in many fields is needed to protect air quality­–politics, environmental engineering, law, planning, meteorology, health sciences, data management, and more. The book will guide readers through strategies and measures to prevent air pollution and better understand challenges that emission sources pose to society and ecosystems.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title Page
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Contents
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Chapter 1 Introduction
  8. Chapter 2 Air Contaminants and Their Sources
    1. 2.1 Natural Air Contamination Sources
    2. 2.2 The Industrial Revolution – Its Energy Needs and Products
      1. 2.2.1 The Process of Burning Fuel for Heat, Light, and Power
      2. 2.2.2 Technology for Harnessing or Making Power
      3. 2.2.3 Electric Energy
    3. 2.3 Materials and Process Emissions
    4. 2.4 Relating Air Quality to Emissions and Emission Sources
  9. Chapter 3 Air Pollutant Emissions
    1. 3.1 Emission Rates and Air Quality
      1. 3.1.1 Criteria Pollutants
      2. 3.1.2 Air Pollution Control Programs
      3. 3.1.3 Emission Rates and Inventories
    2. 3.2 PM – Solid Emissions
      1. 3.2.1 Activities Making Dust
      2. 3.2.2 PM from Energy–Generating Processes and Industry
    3. 3.3 Pollutant Emissions from Oxidation
      1. 3.3.1 Oxidized Carbon Emissions – CO2 and CO
      2. 3.3.2 Other Oxidized Criteria Pollutants – SO2 and NO2
    4. 3.4 Secondary PM, Lead, and Other Metal Emissions
    5. 3.5 Organic Compounds (OC) Emissions from Energy and Industry
      1. 3.5.1 VOC and HAP OC Emissions from Energy Processes
      2. 3.5.2 VOC and HAP OC Emissions from Industry
    6. 3.6 Estimating Emissions from Other Sources
  10. Chapter 4 Dirty Air and its Effects
    1. 4.1 First Air Quality Issues
    2. 4.2 Human Impact and Air Pollution Episodes
    3. 4.3 Air Quality Impact – on Health and the Environment
    4. 4.4 Air Quality Standards
    5. 4.5 Human Health Effects
      1. 4.5.1 PM2.5 Respiratory Effects
      2. 4.5.2 SOx, NOx, and CO Health Impacts
      3. 4.5.3 Ozone Health Impacts
      4. 4.5.4 Lead and HAP Health Impacts
    6. 4.6 Welfare Effects
      1. 4.6.1 Pollutant Impacts on Animals, Plants, and Materials
      2. 4.6.2 Long-Range Pollution and Ecosystem Impacts
      3. 4.6.3 Climate Change And Global Scale Welfare Effects
  11. Chapter 5 Preventing Air Pollution
    1. 5.1 Addressing Early Air Quality Problems
    2. 5.2 Air Pollution Programs
    3. 5.3 Federal Action for Air Quality in the United States
    4. 5.4 The Clean Air Act (CAA) of 1970
      1. 5.4.1 Title I: Air Quality Standards and State Implementation Plans
      2. 5.4.2 Federal Emission Source Control
      3. 5.4.3 Title II: Control of Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles
      4. 5.4.4 Title III – Enforcement and Administration
    5. 5.5 Steps Toward Protecting Clean Air Everywhere
      1. 5.5.1 CAA Amendments of 1977
      2. 5.5.2 Preconstruction Review to Achieve NAAQS
      3. 5.5.3 Vehicles and Monitoring Progress
      4. 5.5.4 Clean Air Act Progress
    6. 5.6 CAA Amendments of 1990
      1. 5.6.1 1990 CAAA – Improving Title I Programs
      2. 5.6.2 CAAA – Acid Deposition Control
      3. 5.6.3 CAAA – Title V Federal Operating Permits
      4. 5.6.4 CAAA – HAPs, Accidental Releases, and the Ozone Hole
  12. Chapter 6 The Atmosphere – Tracking Air Quality
    1. 6.1 Composition and Energy of the Atmosphere
    2. 6.2 Air Momentum, Water, and Weather
    3. 6.3 Ecosystems and Changes in the Atmosphere
    4. 6.4 Monitoring Air Quality – How Clean Is It Here and Now?
    5. 6.5 Modeling Emission Dispersion, Transport, and Impact
  13. Chapter 7 Future Challenges for Air Quality
  14. Bibliography
  15. Index