Appendix 3


1. It is customary to classify intellectual property into two: (a) industrial property, and (b) literary and artistic property. The former comprises patents, utility models, trademarks, geographical indicators, industrial designs and so on. The latter comprises copyright and neighbouring rights, which protect literary, musical, artistic, photographic and audiovisual works such as films, computer programs, performances, phonograms and broadcasting. This traditional classification has lost much of its relevance with the emergence of IT, media, entertainment and book publishing as global big businesses. Intellectual property is also called the property of the mind.

2. Over the last few decades, the scope of the process that can be ...

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