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QGIS By Example by Daria Svidzinska, Alexander Bruy

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Dealing with projections

Projections define how real-world objects on the curved surface of the earth will be flattened and projected on a map-like planar surface. Different data sources are usually created and distributed in different projections, depending on acquisition techniques and the scope of application. To be able to manipulate and analyze them properly in QGIS, it is important to understand how it interprets and manages information about projections.

QGIS supports about 2,700 CRS. They constitute a database, each item of which is described by an ESPG identifier, and a description line in the format of the PROJ.4 projection library. To store and read information about projection, QGIS uses its own format stored in .qpj files. There are ...

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