QQ plots are mainly used in academic literature to test for normality. R comes with some basic methods to test for normality, such as the Shapiro test. The Jarque-Bera test is another such normality test that is available with the
tseries package. Many times, we are interested in understanding how much our data deviates from a normally distributed data.
One of the hot topics in finance is the study of fat tails in stock markets. Researchers have observed that equity prices or stock returns do not have a normal distribution and the actual distribution of returns contains fat tails.
We need ...