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Recording and Producing Audio for Media by Stanley R. Alten

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Chapter 4. Microphones

The analogy can be made that microphones are to audio production what colors are to painting. The more colors and hues available to a painter, the greater the possibilities for coloration on a visual canvas. In recording sound the more models of microphones there are, the greater variety of tones on the sonic palette and, hence, the greater the possibilities for coloration in designing an aural canvas. To make the point using a lexical analogy: “Every mic is part of [the] sonic vocabulary. Every mic describes an event differently.”[1] The 2009 Grammy Awards telecast, for example, employed more than 600 microphones.[2]

When choosing a microphone, or mic, there are three basic features to consider: operating principles, directional ...

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