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Renewable Motor Fuels by Arthur M. Brownstein

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Chapter 7

Diesel Fuel

Diesel ranks second only to gasoline as a motor fuel and was introduced by Rudolf Diesel in the nineteenth century. A large number of diverse processes are under development for biodiesel. These consist of synthesis gas from waste cellulose gasification and recovery from the lipids in algae. The most commonly used system is the FAME technique which comprises methanol transesterification of vegetable oils and algae. Innovations by UOP and Neste Oil employ direct catalytic hydrogenation of triglycerides to produce paraffinic hydrocarbons. Another technique is Fischer–Tropsch conversion as modified by Velocys that enables small competitive plants whose capital investment is relatively low.

Keywords

Algae; Velocys; FAME reaction; ...

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