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Renewable Motor Fuels by Arthur M. Brownstein

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Chapter 9

Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles predate those that are powered by gasoline and diesel and were first introduced in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1900, electric automobiles were the dominant vehicles. Currently, they are regarded as an innovation that may replace vehicles powered by fossil or renewable liquid fuels.

Such vehicles may be powered by fuel cells or by batteries as was done a century ago. Contemporary batteries are not the classical lead-acid type but are lithium batteries. They are environmentally friendly and have much higher energy density, considerably longer life and greater power. Fuel cells rely on a continuous supply of fuel which is most commonly hydrogen. Electric vehicles can be all-electric or hybrid in which ...

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