“Error is a hardy plant; it flourishes in every soil.”
—Martin F. Tupper, English Writer and Poet, Of Truth in Things False
Occasionally, a project violates the definition of a project—usually by including nonproject work or by combining two or more conflicting projects. This is prevalent in companies that attempt to perform all work as projects. These belong to the class known as “unprojects.”
Projects by definition have a distinct beginning and end. Work that does not have an end, such as maintenance work, should not be included in the project. Multiple case studies discuss this (see, for example, Case Studies 15-1 and 15-2). Mixing two styles of projects creates conflicts, particularly if they have different ...