Ethanol Production from Biomass
Haruki Ishizaki and Keiji Hasumi
In the New Stone Age, alcoholic drinks were produced by natural fermentation of fruits. As principles of ethanol fermentation have been elucidated, industrial production of ethanol has been developed for applications in beverages, cosmetics, industrial solvents, and pharmaceuticals. Presently, bioethanol is produced primarily from corn starch or sugar cane. As these raw materials are in competition with food and animal feed, ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass has been eagerly investigated worldwide. Although there are various microorganisms producing ethanol, the best microorganisms for efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into ethanol ...