Chapter 14

Evaluation of Biomass Production and Utilization Systems

Chihiro Kayo, Seishu Tojo, Masahiro Iwaoka and Takeshi Matsumoto

Abstract

Potential adverse impacts of biomass production such as deforestation, deteriorating environmental quality, and competition between food supply and biomass production have led to a demand for developing appropriate sustainability indicators and criteria. Life cycle assessment is a technique that considers the entire life cycle of concerned products and/or services from their resources through their use until final disposal (i.e. cradle to grave) by measuring the amounts of resources consumed and the pollutants formed in order to assess the environmental impact. The discussion on sustainability indicators ...

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