3.1. Brief history/evolution of loss prevention and process safety

Recently, Kidam et al.2 and Kidam and Hurme3 analyzed more than 364 chemical process installation accidents using the Japanese Failure Knowledge Database, finding that in most cases the primary cause was technical. Accidents occurred due to failure of auxiliary systems, design error (materials, dimensions, etc.), chemical reactivity and incompatibility, operating beyond the equipment design limits, and underestimating thermal expansion phenomena. From an equipment point of view, piping is the largest contributor—no surprise, but in the end seeking for root causes it turns out to be the lack of knowledge, not learning from previous incidents, or just human error. Broadribb4 with ...

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