Chapter 4

Trends in Society and Characteristics of Recent Industrial Disasters

Abstract

Globalization brought changes in the markets, geographical shifts of industrial capacity, selling off and mergers of companies and businesses. Due to various factors, the 1990s also brought downsizing and time pressure. Further, society is putting more emphasis on lower acceptability of involuntary risk to the public and at the same time an attitude of the younger workforce that seems less engaged. The remainder of the chapter contains the condensed case histories of two recent catastrophic accidents, the Deepwater Horizon offshore platform demise and Macondo well spill of 2010 and the Fukushima tsunami-caused nuclear meltdown disaster in 2011. Both accidents ...

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