ORIGINS OF ROTO
1.1 Origins of Roto
In 1917, a cel animation house called Fleischer Studios, based in New York, was approved for a patent. The newly official machine had been in use for several years, to great success, to create the Out of the Inkwell series. They called this machine the Rotoscope.
With this device, Fleischer Studios went on to produce more than a few notable cartoons and characters. The more significant of their creations were Koko the Clown, Betty Boop, and Popeye the Sailor. They were also responsible (in conjunction with Famous Studios) for the well-known Superman cartoons released in the early 1940s.
The Rotoscope consisted of a camera mounted behind an animation desk, projecting film footage onto a slate of frosted glass. ...