34Multicultural societies and migration

Pierre Bosset, Anna Gamper and Theo Öhlinger

34.1 Introduction

Multiculturalism has been truly called the ‘challenge of our time’ (Fleiner & Basta-Fleiner, 511). Although multicultural societies have been an outcome of migration processes1 perhaps for as long as we speak of states, the extent to which worldwide migration has changed social life almost everywhere has previously been unknown. This new global dimension of multiculturalism dramatically challenges both states and their constitutions.

Constitutions, however, respond differently to this challenge. Some of them expressly use the terms ‘multicultural’, ‘pluricultural’, ‘plurinational’, ‘multiethnic’, ‘pluralist’ or ‘cultural diversity’ as (partly ...

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