COGNITION AND TEACHING
Cognition concerns knowledge. It refers to both an act and a state. The act is the process by which the brain creates meanings from the impressions received by the senses, and the state is the knowledge that is the outcome of the act. Purposeful teaching and effective education require understanding of process and state.
Fundamental points follow from the truism that cognition occurs within an individual. The individual's physical, mental and emotional states influence cognition. Cognition is not independent of affect. Cognition occurs within a context, which will influence the person's purposes and goals. People differ in purposes, even when placed in the same situation, and an individual can change ...