Network management, like all networking, is full of crazy acronyms. Three of the most important acronyms (which also double as important TCP/IP standards) are SNMP, MIB (not to be confused with Men in Black), and RMON.

SNMP stands for Simple Network Management Protocol and is a standard way of providing certain network information to nodes that request it, while allowing privileged nodes to change that information. How is this accomplished?

SNMP is just another TCP/IP service, a service that lives on UDP/161. A workstation, server, router, switch, or other network device that has the SNMP service running on it is called an SNMP agent. Any SNMP agent provides certain variables to requesting management stations. Two types of access are allowed: ...

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