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SAP SCM: Applications and Modeling for Supply Chain Management (with BW Primer)

Book Description

SAP SCM: Applications and Modeling for Supply Chain Management empowers you to capitalize on the sophistication of SAP APO. This book provides clear advice on the inevitable, critical decisions that can lead to project success or failure and shows you, wherever you are on the supply chain management staff—buyer, planner, ground controller or analyst—to fully exploit the agility SAP APO offers.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  3. Preface
  4. Acknowledgments
  5. Table of Abbreviations
  6. 1. Cultural Background: The Business and Technical Context for SCM
    1. 1. How to Use This Book: APO as a Mind Map
      1. One Book, Many Curriculums: Custom Recommendations for Reading Order
      2. Included and Excluded: Scope of this Text
      3. Note
    2. 2. SCM Architecture
      1. Enterprise Landscape for Planning in SCM
      2. SCM Applications and Components
        1. Application: Advanced Planner and Optimizer
        2. Component: The Core Interface
        3. Application: The BW Data Mart
        4. Component: liveCache
          1. Overview
          2. Time-Series- and Order-Based Data Management
          3. Order-Based liveCache and Time-Series-Based Display
        5. Application: Inventory Collaboration Hub
      3. Simulating the Supply Chain
        1. APO and SAP R/3
        2. Master Data
        3. Transactional Data
      4. APO Tools for Users
        1. User-Interface Tools
          1. Conflicting User-Interface Requirements in the Supply Chain Discipline
          2. Five APO Business User Interfaces
          3. Summary of User Interfaces
        2. Data Analysis and Processing Tools
      5. Notes
    3. 3. Supply Chain Landscape
      1. Supply Chain Landscape
        1. Putting Together the Big Picture
        2. APICS Backdrop of APO Modules
      2. Planning Supply Chain Disciplines
        1. APO DP for APICS Demand Management and Forecast
        2. APO SNP for APICS SOP and Master Scheduling
        3. PP/DS for APICS Master Scheduling and Detailed Scheduling
      3. Supply Chain Data Pipelines
        1. BW for Data Archiving, Analytics, and Reporting
        2. ICH and APO for External Collaboration
        3. CIF and XML: The SCM ↔ R/3 (ECC) Data Pipeline
      4. Integrated, Wall-to-Outside-the-Wall Supply Chain Solution
      5. Notes
    4. 4. Advice to the Executive Considering SAP APO and SCM
      1. Six Short Executive Lessons in ERP
        1. Lesson 1: Start Using Optimization and Heuristics in Planning
        2. Lesson 2: Do Not Do It Yourself
        3. Lesson 3: Succeed through Evolution; Foster Chaos through Revolution
        4. Lesson 4: Crawl before Walking; Walk before Running
        5. Lesson 5: A 98% Solution—Only God Knows the Value of 200 Cost Constraint Variables
        6. Lesson 6: Human Glue—Reality Is Art and Craft; Fantasy Is Science Fiction
      2. Profile of an SAP SCM Project with a High Likelihood of Success
  7. 2. Stocks and Bases: Master Data SCM
    1. 5. Supply Chain Management Master Data
      1. Locations and Calendars
        1. Location
          1. Header and General Tab
          2. Address and Calendar Tabs
          3. Resources Tab
          4. Functional Module Tabs
        2. Setting the Location Version and Model
      2. Products
        1. The Administration Tab
        2. Properties and Units of Measure Tabs
        3. Classification Tab
        4. Packaging Data Tab
        5. ATP Tab
        6. SNP 1 and 2 Tabs
        7. Demand Tab
          1. Using a Requirement Strategy
          2. Using Pegging
          3. Defining Available Stocks
        8. Lot Size Tab
        9. PP/DS and Procurement Tabs
        10. GR/GI Tab
      3. Resources and Work Centers
        1. Resource Category in SAP APO
        2. Resource Activity Varieties
        3. Setting up Resources
          1. General Data Tab
          2. Time Continuous Capacity Tab
          3. PP/DS Bucket Capacity Tab
          4. External Capacity Tab
          5. Downtimes and Short Texts Tabs
          6. SNP Bucket Capacity
        4. Capacity Variants
        5. Setup Matrix
        6. Assigning a Resource to a Model
      4. Production Process Models and Run Time Objects
        1. PPM, RTO, and PDS: Why So Many?
        2. R/3 and Supply Chain Basis of the PPM
        3. Using the PPM
          1. Plan and Plan Number
          2. Product Plan Assignment
          3. Operations
          4. Operation Activities
          5. Components
          6. Modes
          7. Primary Resources
          8. Secondary Resources
        4. PPM Activation
        5. SNP versus PP/DS
        6. PPM Structure
        7. CIF Considerations: Use of the Production Version
      5. Transportation Lanes
        1. Maintaining Transportation Lanes
      6. External Procurement Relationships
        1. Refresher: Procurement Basics in SCM
        2. EPR with Info Record or Contract
        3. EPR with R/3 Scheduling Agreements
        4. EPR with APO Scheduling Agreements
      7. Quota Arrangements
        1. Using Quota Arrangements
      8. Models and Planning Versions
        1. Managing Models and Versions
        2. Using Inactive Versions for Simulation
      9. Transactional Data
      10. Master Data Recipes
        1. Products
        2. Location Cookbook
        3. Resources
        4. Production Process Model (PPM)
        5. Transportation Lanes
        6. Quota Arrangements
        7. Models and Planning Versions
    2. 6. Analytical Master Data: BW Primer Part I
      1. SCM versus “Analytical” Master Data
      2. Star Schema
      3. BW, APO, and Analytical Data Objects
      4. BW in the SCM Data Mart
      5. Setting Up Analytical Master Data
        1. Creating a DataSource, an InfoArea, and InfoObjects
        2. Creating an InfoSource
        3. Creating an InfoCube
        4. Creating an InfoPackage
      6. Note
    3. 7. Core Interface
      1. When R/3 Is Not the Transactional Data Management System
      2. Using R/3 with APO
      3. Basic Integration Model Configuration
        1. Overview of CIF Integration for R/3 and APO
        2. Basic Integration Models in R/3
        3. R/3 Transactions for CIF and Integration Model Maintenance
          1. Saving Integration Models
          2. Generating a Model
          3. Activating a Model
          4. CIF Process in Review
        4. liveCache Consistency
  8. 3. Entrees: APO Planning Modules
    1. 8. APO User Interfaces and the PP/DS Module
      1. General APO User Interfaces
        1. Supply Chain Cockpit
        2. Supply Chain Cockpit Cookbook
        3. Product View
        4. Alert Monitor
          1. Configuring Alerts
          2. Creating New Alert Profiles
          3. Manage Favorites and Run Alert Checks
        5. Planning Book
          1. Overview of Planning Book Architecture
          2. Defining Time Horizon and Time Buckets
          3. Usually, Always, and Never
          4. Configuring the Planning Book
          5. Working in the Planning Book I: Navigation Panel
          6. Working in the Planning Book II: Display Panel
          7. Working in the Planning Book III: Planning Book Menu and the Display Header
          8. Working in the Planning Book IV: Macros
          9. Working with the Planning Book V: Alert Monitor
      2. PP/DS Context
      3. PP/DS Master Data and CIF
        1. Introduction: Master Data Prerequisites and CIF Requirements
        2. Specialized Master Data Requirements
        3. Handling Resource
          1. Setup Matrix
      4. Using PP/DS
        1. Heuristics
          1. PP/DS Planning Run
          2. Product View
          3. PP/DS Planning Run
        2. Alerts, Analysis, Planning, and Procurement in PP
      5. Configuring PP/DS
        1. Use of Profiles in APO Module Configuration
        2. A Map to LA: Not a Travel Guide to the Exits and Stops
        3. PP/DS Profiles
          1. Propagation Ranges
          2. Work Areas
          3. Time Profile
          4. Strategy Profile
        4. Configuring Variants for the Heuristic Planning Run
      6. Detailed Scheduling and PP/DS User Interfaces
        1. Product Planning Table
        2. Detailed Scheduling Planning Board
          1. Using the DS Planning Board
          2. Configuring Profiles for the DS Planning Board
      7. Note
    2. 9. Demand Planning Module
      1. DP Master Data and CIF
        1. Master Data
        2. Transactional Data
      2. Using DP
        1. Demand Planning Process
        2. What’s the Point? Demand Forecast versus Demand Management
      3. Configuring DP
        1. Statistical Forecasting Basics
        2. Proportional Factors
        3. Forecast Profiles
      4. Univariate Forecast
        1. Multiple Linear Regression
        2. Composite Forecast
        3. Master Forecast Profile
        4. Assigning Forecast Profiles to a Selection
        5. Lifecycle Planning
      5. Demand Planning Configuration Recipe
    3. 10. Supply Network Planning
      1. SNP Master Data and CIF
        1. Model Setup
        2. Master Data
        3. Transactional CIFs
      2. Using SNP
      3. Configuring SNP
        1. Planning Run Overview and Comparisons
        2. Acquiring and Processing Demand
          1. DP Release of Demand to SNP
          2. Requirements Strategies
        3. Configuring for Heuristics
        4. Configuring for Capable-to-Match (CTM)
        5. Configuring for Optimization
          1. Bound Profiles and Multiple Planning Runs
      4. SNP Configuration Recipe
  9. 4. Beyond Planning: Analytics, Collaboration, and Keys for Success
    1. 11. BW Primer Part II
      1. Not Just a Data Warehouse: Reengineering ERP
      2. Using BEx
      3. BW Enterprise and BW Data Mart
        1. BW in SAP Solutions
        2. Enterprise or Data Mart?
      4. Profile of a Full-Powered APO Deployment
      5. Note
    2. 12. Inventory Collaboration Hub and APO Collaboration
      1. B2B Context of ICH and Collaboration
        1. VMI, B2C, and B2B
        2. ICH and APO in SCM
        3. ICH Capabilities and B2B
          1. Capabilities
          2. ICH in B2B E-Commerce
      2. ICH Master Data
      3. Using ICH and APO Collaboration
        1. Common Processes for SMI
        2. Supplier User Interface
        3. APO SNP Collaboration
          1. SNP Collaboration
      4. ICH Data Pipelines
    3. 13. The Lucky Chapter: Of Boats and Software—Four Keys to Unlocking SCM
      1. “Keys”: To Neuter a Cliché
      2. It’s Only a Key If You Know It’s a Key
      3. The Keys
        1. Planning Time Horizons
          1. Five Horizons
          2. Other Horizons Used in Supply Chain Planning
          3. Time Horizons and APO’s Modules
        2. Order and Time-Series-Based Structures
        3. SCM Business Process
        4. APO Configuration Process
      4. What Would You Pay For Wal-Mart’s or UPS’s Supply Chain?
      5. Notes