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Second Language Acquisition and Task-Based Language Teaching by Mike Long

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Chapter 5Task-Based Needs and Means Analysis

5.1.  Why Needs Analysis?

As noted in Chapter 1, among the original motivations for TBLT were the worrisome inconsistency of second language acquisition (SLA) research findings with both traditional approaches to language teaching (LT), and the growing need for relevance and accountability. First, SLA research findings in the 1970s and 1980s were casting serious doubt on the validity of synthetic approaches to syllabus design, but equally so, of purely meaning-based analytic alternatives (the terms are Wilkins') espoused at the time by Corder, Felix, Prahbu, and most notably, Krashen. Second, it was imperative that language programs be visibly relevant to learner needs and, thereby, potentially accountable. The role of ...

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