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Second Language Acquisition and Task-Based Language Teaching by Mike Long

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Chapter 7Analyzing Target Discourse

7.1.  Conventional Approaches to Language Analysis for Language Teaching (LT)

Two conventional approaches to language in needs analysis (NA) were described succinctly by Pauline Robinson (1981, p. 18) in her survey of theory and practice in English for specific purposes (ESP):

either texts (spoken or written) are identified, the language of which constitutes the language syllabus for the students, or some sort of language syllabus is identified and then texts are sought or created to embody that language.

The first approach, that is, involves gathering samples of language use in the domain of interest, producing some sort of linguistic description, perhaps involving a register or rhetorical analysis, and basing ...

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