Chapter 10Methodological Principles and Pedagogic Procedures

10.1.  Methodological Principles (MPs), Pedagogic Procedures (PPs), and Evaluation Criteria (EC)

The literature has long featured debates over optimal approaches, methods, and techniques for language teaching (LT). The three terms vary in level and scope, not only among themselves, but among writers. For example, ‘audio-lingual’ and ‘grammar-translation’ are sometimes referred to as ‘approaches’ to LT, sometimes as ‘methods.’ The terms are also problematic in that research has shown that teachers do not stick to a particular approach or method, except over short periods, and additionally, in that most approaches and methods overlap to such an extent as to become hard to distinguish in practice. Moreover, ...

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