A Japanese researcher’s perspective on maritime navigation
Fundamentally, Japan stands by the Freedom of Navigation principle. Under this principle, states and maritime commerce in general has prospered. The prerequisites for the Freedom of Navigation are the Safety of Navigation and International Common Understandings. Among the factors that frustrate the Safety of Navigation are transnational crimes such as piracy, armed robbery at sea, and maritime terrorism. These transnational crimes should be suppressed by responses of coastal States and flag States in accordance with UNCLOS or the SUA Convention, and by such international efforts as implemented in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore and off the Somali ...