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Separation Process Engineering: Includes Mass Transfer Analysis, Third Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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6.1 Introduction to Matrix Solution for Multicomponent Distillation

Since distillation is a very important separation technique, considerable effort has been spent in devising better calculation procedures. Details of these procedures are available in a variety of textbooks (Seader and Henley, 2006; Holland, 1981; King, 1980; Smith, 1963; and Wankat, 1988).

The general behavior of multicomponent distillation columns (see Chapter 5) and the basic mass and energy balances and equilibrium relationships do not change when different calculation procedures are used. (The physical operation is unchanged; thus, the basic laws and the results are invariant.) What different calculation procedures do is rearrange the equations to enhance convergence, particularly ...

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