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Separation Process Engineering: Includes Mass Transfer Analysis, Third Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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8.5 Complex Ternary Distillation Systems

In Chapters 5, 6, and 7 we studied multicomponent distillation for systems with relatively ideal VLE that do not exhibit azeotropic behavior. In Chapter 4 when we studied both relatively ideal and azeotropic binary systems we found that there were significant differences between these systems. If no azeotrope forms, one can obtain essentially pure distillate and pure bottom products. If there is an azeotrope we found that one can at best obtain one pure product and the azeotrope. In Section 8.2 we found that if the binary azeotrope was heterogeneous one could usually use a liquid-liquid separator to get past the azeotrope and obtain two pure products with two columns. Ternary systems with nonideal VLE ...

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