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Separation Process Engineering: Includes Mass Transfer Analysis, Third Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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8.7 Azeotropic Distillation with Added Solvent

When a homogeneous azeotrope is formed or the mixture is very close boiling, the procedures shown in Section 8.2 cannot be used. However, the engineer can add a solvent (or entrainer) that forms a binary or ternary azeotrope and use this to separate the mixture. The trick is to pick a solvent that forms an azeotrope that is either heterogeneous (then the procedures of Section 8.2 are useful) or easy to separate by other means such as extraction with a water wash. Since there are now three components, it is possible to have one or more binary azeotropes or a ternary azeotrope. The flowsheet depends upon the equilibrium behavior of the system, which can be investigated with distillation curves and ...

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