F1. A single-stage steam distillation apparatus is to be used to recover n-nonane (C9 H20) from nonvolatile organics. Operation is at 1 atm (760 mm Hg), and the still will operate with liquid water present. If the still bottoms are to contain 99 mol% nonane in the organic phase (the remainder is nonvolatiles), determine:
a. The temperature of the distillation
b. The moles of water vaporized per mole of nonane vaporized
c. The moles of water condensed per mole of nonane vaporized for a liquid entering at the still temperature
d. Repeat parts a and b if still bottoms will contain 2.0 mol% nonane Data are available in Perry and Green (1984).
F2. We wish to recover a gasoline component, n-nonane (C9H20), from ...