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Separation Process Engineering: Includes Mass Transfer Analysis, Third Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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9.5 Multistage Batch Distillation

The separation achieved in a single equilibrium stage is often not large enough to both obtain the desired distillate concentration and a low enough bottoms concentration. In this case a distillation column is placed above the reboiler as shown in Figure 9-2. The calculation procedure will be detailed here for a staged column, but packed columns can easily be designed using the procedures explained in Chapter 10.

For multistage systems xD and xW are no longer in equilibrium. Thus, the Rayleigh equation, Eq. (9-7), cannot be integrated until a relationship between xD and xW is found. This relationship can be obtained from stage-by-stage calculations. We will assume that there is negligible holdup on each plate, ...

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