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Separation Process Engineering: Includes Mass Transfer Analysis, Third Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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14.1 Generalized McCabe-Thiele and Kremser Procedures

The McCabe-Thiele procedure has been applied to flash distillation, continuous countercurrent distillation, batch distillation, absorption, stripping, and extraction. What are the common factors for the McCabe-Thiele analysis in all these cases?

All the McCabe-Thiele graphs are plots of concentration in one phase vs. concentration in the other phase. In all cases there is a single equilibrium curve, and there is one operating line for each column section. It is desirable for this operating line to be straight. In addition, although it isn’t evident on the graph, we want to satisfy the energy balance and mass balances for all other species.

In order to obtain a single equilibrium curve, we ...

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