Chapter Six

Shale Oil

Fundamentals, Definitions, and Applications


Mankind was using oil shale because of its combustible property, which does not require complicated processing. Its utilization began in ancient times, when it was employed for decoration and construction purposes. Shale oil was used in medical and military sectors as well. The oil shale was exploited by different countries until the 17th century. One of the interesting oil shales is the Swedish alum shale of Cambrian and Ordovician age because of its alum content and high concentrations of metals including uranium and vanadium. As early as 1637, the alum shales were roasted over wood fires to extract potassium aluminum sulfate, a salt used for tanning leather and also for ...

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