9 Shifting global power and trade in education services

Opportunities and challenges for ‘education for sustainable development’

Shawkat Alam1

Introduction

Education is a key component of sustainable development.2 It contributes to economic growth, though is also crucial to the achievement of the other two facets of sustainable development, namely, social and environmental considerations.3 Recently, education has been earmarked as fundamental to sustainable development, so much so that ‘education for sustainable development’ (ESD) has emerged as a stand-alone concept.4 This emergence is emphasised by Chapter 36 of Agenda 21, which shows that in order to achieve ESD there must be an improvement in a state's education system, a reorientation of ...

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