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Signal Processing for 5G: Algorithms and Implementations

Book Description

A comprehensive and invaluable guide to 5G technology, implementation and practice in one single volume. For all things 5G, this book is a must-read. 

Signal processing techniques have played the most important role in wireless communications since the second generation of cellular systems. It is anticipated that new techniques employed in 5G wireless networks will not only improve peak service rates significantly, but also enhance capacity, coverage, reliability , low-latency, efficiency, flexibility, compatibility and convergence to meet the increasing demands imposed by applications such as big data, cloud service, machine-to-machine (M2M) and mission-critical communications.

This book is a comprehensive and detailed guide to all signal processing techniques employed in 5G wireless networks. Uniquely organized into four categories, New Modulation and  Coding,  New Spatial Processing, New Spectrum Opportunities and New System-level  Enabling Technologies, it covers everything from network architecture, physical-layer (down-link and up-link),  protocols and air interface, to cell acquisition, scheduling and rate adaption, access  procedures and relaying to spectrum allocations. All technology aspects and major roadmaps of global 5G standard development and deployments are included in the book.    
Key Features:

  • Offers step-by-step guidance on bringing 5G technology into practice, by applying algorithms and design methodology to real-time circuit implementation, taking into account rapidly growing applications that have multi-standards and multi-systems.  
  • Addresses spatial signal processing for 5G, in particular massive multiple-input multiple-output (massive-MIMO), FD-MIMO and 3D-MIMO along with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,  3D beamforming and diversity.
  • Provides detailed algorithms and implementations, and compares all multicarrier modulation and multiple access schemes that offer superior data transmission performance including FBMC, GFDM, F-OFDM, UFMC, SEFDM,  FTN, MUSA, SCMA and NOMA.
  • Demonstrates the translation of  signal processing theories into practical solutions  for new spectrum opportunities in terms of millimeter wave, full-duplex  transmission and license assisted access.            
  • Presents well-designed implementation examples, from individual function block to system level for effective and accurate learning.    
  • Covers signal processing aspects of emerging system and network architectures, including ultra-dense networks (UDN), software-defined networks (SDN), device-to-device (D2D) communications and cloud radio access network (C-RAN).

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
    1. Copyright
    2. Preface
      1. Part 1: Modulation, Coding and Waveform for 5G
      2. Part 2: New Spatial Signal Processing for 5G
      3. Part 3: New Spectrum Opportunities for 5G
      4. Part 4: New System-level Enabling Technologies for 5G
      5. Part 5: Reference Design and 5G Standard Development
      6. For whom is this book written?
    3. List of Contributors
  3. Part 1: Modulation, Coding and Waveform for 5G
    1. Chapter 1: An Introduction to Modulations and Waveforms for 5G Networks
      1. 1.1 Motivation and Background
      2. 1.2 New Modulation Formats: FBMC, GFDM, BFDM, UFMC and TFP
      3. 1.3 Waveform Choice
      4. 1.4 Discussion and Concluding Remarks
      5. References
    2. Chapter 2: Faster-than-Nyquist Signaling for 5G Communication
      1. 2.1 Introduction to FTN Signaling
      2. 2.2 Time FTN: Receivers and Performance
      3. 2.3 Frequency FTN Signaling
      4. 2.4 Summary of the Chapter
      5. References
    3. Chapter 3: From OFDM to FBMC: Principles and Comparisons
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 The Filter Bank
      3. 3.3 Polyphase Implementation
      4. 3.4 OFDM
      5. 3.5 FBMC
      6. 3.6 Comparison of FBMC and Filtered OFDM
      7. 3.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    4. Chapter 4: Filter Bank Multicarrier for Massive MIMO
      1. 4.1 System Model and FBMC Formulation in Massive MIMO
      2. 4.2 Self-equalization Property of FBMC in Massive MIMO
      3. 4.3 Comparison with OFDM
      4. 4.4 Blind Equalization and Pilot Decontamination
      5. 4.5 Conclusion
      6. References
    5. Chapter 5: Bandwidth-compressed Multicarrier Communication: SEFDM
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 SEFDM Fundamentals
      3. 5.3 Block-SEFDM
      4. 5.4 Turbo-SEFDM
      5. 5.5 Practical Considerations and Experimental Demonstration
      6. 5.6 Summary
      7. References
    6. Chapter 6: Non-orthogonal Multi-User Superposition and Shared Access
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Basic Principles and Features of Non-orthogonal Multi-user Access
      3. 6.3 Downlink Non-orthogonal Multi-user Transmission
      4. 6.4 Uplink Non-orthogonal Multi-user Access
      5. 6.5 Summary and Future Work
      6. References
    7. Chapter 7: Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA): Concept and Design
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Concept
      3. 7.3 Benefits and Motivations
      4. 7.4 Interface Design
      5. 7.5 MIMO Support
      6. 7.6 Performance Evaluations
      7. 7.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    8. Chapter 8: Major 5G Waveform Candidates: Overview and Comparison
      1. 8.1 Why We Need New Waveforms
      2. 8.2 Major Multicarrier Modulation Candidates
      3. 8.3 High-level Comparison
      4. 8.4 Conclusion
      5. List of acronyms
      6. References
  4. Part 2: New Spatial Signal Processing for 5G
    1. Chapter 9: Massive MIMO for 5G: Theory, Implementation and Prototyping
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Massive MIMO Theory
      3. 9.3 Massive MIMO Channels
      4. 9.4 Massive MIMO Implementation
      5. 9.5 Testbed Design
      6. 9.6 Synchronization
      7. 9.7 Future Challenges and Conclusion
      8. Acknowledgments
      9. References
    2. Chapter 10: Millimeter-Wave MIMO Transceivers: Theory, Design and Implementation
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Overview of Millimeter-Wave MIMO Transceiver Architectures
      3. 10.3 Point-to-Point Single-User Systems
      4. 10.4 Point-to-Multipoint Multiuser Systems
      5. 10.5 Extensions
      6. 10.6 Conclusion
      7. References
    3. Chapter 11: 3D Propagation Channels: Modeling and Measurements
      1. 11.1 Introduction and Motivation
      2. 11.2 Measurement Techniques
      3. 11.3 Propagation Effects
      4. 11.4 Measurement Results
      5. 11.5 Channel Models
      6. 11.6 Summary and Open Issues
      7. Acknowledgements
      8. Disclaimer
      9. References
    4. Chapter 12: 3D-MIMO with Massive Antennas: Theory, Implementation and Testing
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Application Scenarios of 3D-MIMO with Massive Antennas
      3. 12.3 Exploiting 3D-MIMO Gain Based on Techniques in Current Standards
      4. 12.4 Evaluation by System-level Simulations
      5. 12.5 Field Trials of 3D-MIMO with Massive Antennas
      6. 12.6 Achieving 3D-MIMO with Massive Antennas from Theory to Practice
      7. 12.7 Conclusions
      8. References
    5. Chapter 13: Orbital Angular Momentum-based Wireless Communications: Designs and Implementations
      1. 13.1 EM Waves Carrying OAM
      2. 13.2 Application of OAM to RF Communications
      3. 13.3 OAM Beam Generation, Multiplexing and Detection
      4. 13.4 Wireless Communications Using OAM Multiplexing
      5. 13.5 Summary and Perspective
      6. References
  5. Part 3: New Spectrum Opportunities for 5G
    1. Chapter 14: Millimeter Waves for 5G: From Theory To Practice
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Building a mmWave PoC System
      3. 14.3 Desirable Features of a mmWave Prototyping System
      4. 14.4 Case Study: a mmWave Cellular PoC
      5. 14.5 Conclusion
      6. References
    2. Chapter 15: *5G Millimeter-wave Communication Channel and Technology Overview
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Millimeter-wave Channel Characteristics
      3. 15.3 Requirements for a 5G mmWave Channel Model
      4. 15.4 Millimeter-wave Channel Model for 5G
      5. 15.5 Signal Processing for mmWave Band 5G RAT
      6. 15.6 Summary
      7. References
    3. Chapter 16: General Principles and Basic Algorithms for Full-duplex Transmission
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Self-interference: Basic Analyses and Models
      3. 16.3 SIC Techniques and Algorithms
      4. 16.4 Hardware Impairments and Implementation Challenges
      5. 16.5 Looking Toward Full-duplex MIMO Systems
      6. 16.6 Conclusion and Outlook
      7. References
    4. Chapter 17: Design and Implementation of Full-duplex Transceivers
      1. 17.1 Research Challenges
      2. 17.2 Antenna Designs
      3. 17.3 RF Self-interference Cancellation Methods
      4. 17.4 Digital Self-interference Cancellation Algorithms
      5. 17.5 Demonstration
      6. 17.6 Summary
      7. Acknowledgements
      8. References
  6. Part 4: New System-Level Enabling Technologies for 5G
    1. Chapter 18: Cloud Radio Access Networks: Uplink Channel Estimation and Downlink Precoding
      1. 18.1 Introduction
      2. 18.2 Technology Background
      3. 18.3 Uplink: Where to Perform Channel Estimation?
      4. 18.4 Downlink: Where to Perform Channel Encoding and Precoding?
      5. 18.5 Concluding Remarks
      6. References
    2. Chapter 19: Energy-efficient Resource Allocation in 5G with Application to D2D
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Signal Model
      3. 19.3 Resource Allocation
      4. 19.4 Fractional Programming
      5. 19.5 Algorithms
      6. 19.6 Sequential Fractional Programming
      7. 19.7 System Optimization
      8. 19.8 Numerical Results
      9. 19.9 Conclusion
      10. References
    3. Chapter 20: Ultra Dense Networks: General Introduction and Design Overview
      1. 20.1 Introduction
      2. 20.2 Interference Management
      3. 20.3 Mobility Management
      4. 20.4 Architecture and Backhaul
      5. 20.5 Other Issues in UDNs for 5G
      6. 20.6 Conclusions
      7. Acknowledgements
      8. References
    4. Chapter 21: Radio-resource Management and Optimization in 5G Networks
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Background
      3. 21.3 Optimal Strategies for Single-antenna Coordinated Ultradense Networks
      4. 21.4 Optimal Strategies for Multi-antenna Coordinated and Cooperative Ultradense Networks
      5. 21.5 Summary and Future Research Directions
      6. Acknowledgments
      7. References
  7. Part 5: Reference Design and 5G Standard Development
    1. Chapter 22: Full-duplex Radios in 5G: Fundamentals, Design and Prototyping
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 Self-interference
      3. 22.3 Analog Self-interference Cancellation
      4. 22.4 Digital Self-interference Cancellation
      5. 22.5 Prototyping Full-duplex Radios
      6. 22.6 Overall Performance Evaluation
      7. 22.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    2. Chapter 23: 5G Standard Development: Technology and Roadmap
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 Standards Roadmap from 4G to 5G
      3. 23.3 Preparation of 5G Cellular Communication Standards
      4. 23.4 Concluding Remarks
      5. References
    3. Index
  8. End User License Agreement