Internal combustion and reciprocating engine systems for small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) applications
R. Mikalsen, Newcastle University, UK
This chapter reviews the internal combustion engine technology and its application in small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems. Prior to considering CHP systems, basic design aspects are examined in some depth in relation to small-scale stationary engines. Specific aspects of two main engine types, spark ignition and compression ignition engines, are next reviewed and compared. The use of such engines in small- and micro-CHP systems is then carefully considered, including aspects of system energy balance, heat recovery and operational control. Finally, some commercially ...