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Social Capital, Social Identities

Book Description

Current research on social capital tends to focus on an economic reading of social relations. Whereas economists pride themselves on reaching out to social theory at-large, sociologists criticize the economization of the social fabric. The concept of social capital serves as a touchstone for the study of the role of the economy in modern societies. It serves as a breach for expanding the reach of economic categories, yet it also yields the opportunity for questioning and transforming economic premises in the light of social theory and philosophy. Exploring the concept of social capital in the context of related terms like embeddedness, trust, sociability, and cooperation is particularly instructive. This collection of papers from various disciplines (philosophy, sociology, economics, religious studies) combines conceptual studies and empirical findings. It is a plea for re-embedding economic thought in a broader theoretical framework. By exploring the varieties of social identities implied in the theories of social capital, the authors argue for a social (or more sociable) conception of man.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page
  2. Copyright Page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Introduction
    1. Acknowledgments
    2. Literature
  5. Varieties of Belonging: BetweenAppropriation and Familiarization
    1. 1 Social capital and belonging: a conceptualconundrum
    2. 2 Oikeiosis in Stoicism, Locke, and Smith
    3. 3 The Afterlife of Social Capital
    4. Literature
  6. Cultural Capital and Elective Belonging:A British Case Study
    1. Introduction
    2. 1 Two Narratives of Contemporary Belonging
    3. 2 A Bourdieusian interlude:Cultural Capital and Social Exclusion
    4. 3 Belonging and Cultural Capital
    5. Conclusions
    6. Literature
  7. Structures of Belonging, Types of SocialCapital, and Modes of Trust
    1. 1 Concept Formation: Structural Ambivalence ofSocial Capital and Modes of Belonging
    2. 2 Political Sociology and Structures of Belonging,or: The Multidimensionality of Belonging andIntermediary Structures
    3. 3 Three Types of Trust and the Concept of‘Operating Trust’
    4. 4 Remarks Concerning the Relation between Trustand Belonging
    5. Concluding Remarks
    6. Literature
  8. Trust and Cooperation among EconomicAgents
    1. Introduction
    2. 1 Trust
    3. 2 Credible Promises
      1. 2.1 Mutual Affection
      2. 2.2 Pro-social Disposition
    4. 3 Incentives to Keep Promises
      1. 3.1 External Enforcement
      2. 3.2 Reputation as Capital Asset
      3. 3.3 Long-term Relationships
    5. 4 Dark Matter: Breakdown of Cooperation
    6. 5 More Dark Matter:Exploitation in Long-Term Relationships
    7. 6 International Cooperation
    8. 7 Conclusions
    9. Literature
  9. Respect, Concern, and Membership
    1. Benevolent Concern
    2. Second-Personal Respect
    3. Honor Respect
    4. Fellow Membership
    5. Literature
  10. Social Capital and Self-Alienation - An Augustinian Look at the Dark Heart of Community
    1. 1 Stolen Pears
    2. 2 The Paradox of Evil Action
    3. 3 Augustine’s Solution
    4. Literature
  11. Cement of Society? Why Civil Religion isunfit to create Social Bonds
    1. What are civil religion’s historical conditions?
    2. What are civil religion’s systematic conditions?
    3. What is religious in civil religion?
    4. Can civil religion keep its promises?
    5. Literature
  12. The Social Capital of ReligiousCommunities in the Age of Globalization
    1. Belonging and Believing
    2. The Social Capital of Private Associations as aPublic Concern in the US
    3. The American Welfare Reform of 1996
    4. The Institutionalization of a Religious Ethics ofSolidarity
    5. The Affinity of a Religious Ethics of Solidarity withModern Society: A Thesis of Max Weber
    6. Islamic Community Building
    7. The Associations of the Palestinians MuslimBrothers in the Conflict with Israel
    8. Conclusion
    9. Literature
  13. Social Capital and Power: A SociologicalPoint of View - The Two Faces of Social Capital
    1. Common sense visions of social capital
    2. Pierre Bourdieu’s approach to social capital
    3. The ambivalent relation between economic andsocial capital
    4. Social capital and social space
    5. Family: the social capital of the small man
    6. Literature
  14. Modernity, Welfare State, and Inequality - Individual and Societal Preconditions of Social Capital
    1. Introduction
    2. 1 Why do individuals create and maintain socialcontacts?
    3. Social networks and social support:Dimensions of social capital
    4. Individual preconditions: Social capital and itsinterplay with other forms of capital
      1. Theoretical background
      2. Empirical findings
    5. Societal preconditions:Modernity, welfare state, and inequality
      1. Theoretical background
      2. Empirical Findings
    6. Conclusion
    7. Literature
    8. Appendix A
    9. Appendix B
      1. Data
      2. Measurement: Dependent Variables
      3. Measurement: Independent variables
      4. Methods
    10. Results of the multilevel regression model
  15. Social Capital, Public Goods,or the Common Good? - Equality as a Hidden Agenda in Current Debates
    1. 1 Philosophy and Social Capital
    2. 2 Social capital: The term analyzed
    3. 3 Social Capital is not a Public Good:The Social Theory Framework
    4. 4 Equality and the Common Good:An Alternative View
    5. Literature
  16. Notes on Contributors
  17. Index of Persons
  18. Index of Subjects