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Sociology and Social Anthropology in India by Yogesh Atal

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8

DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION IN INDIA

Leela Visaria

Introduction

The present chapter on demographic trends in India covers the period since about 1971 until the most current times. Although some understanding of the situation that prevailed with regard to population size, growth, density, distribution, and factors affecting them, helps to provide a perspective on how and why the Indian population has attained its current size and composition and how the demographic transition was initiated and progressed, it is not possible to explore long-term historical material in this chapter. A few scholars have undertaken such reviews and analyses using data available from sources and other supporting information (Bhat 1989, 1998; Davis 1951; Dyson 1989; ...

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