Communities, Associations and Formal Organizations

In the previous chapter, we have talked about Primary groups and Small groups. Here we turn to relatively larger groups: Communities, Associations and Formal Organizations.

A community is a group of groups, whereas associations and organizations are formal groups.


Community is a commonly used word, but it connotes several meanings. Some people use it almost as a synonym of Society; others use it for a geographically distinct local community or for a group of people who are of the same origin. In the West, it has also been used for ‘total institutions’ such as prison or mental asylum—as an extension, the term has also been used for residential schools.

To quote Jessie ...

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