Book description
Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering deals with its principles in an elegant, yet simplified, manner in this text. It presents all the material required for a firm background in the subject, reinforcing theoretical aspects with sound practical applications. The study of soil behaviour is made lucid through precise treatment of the factors that influence it.
Table of contents
 Cover
 Title Page
 Contents
 Dedication
 Preface

1. Soil Formation and Composition
 Chapter Highlights
 1.1 Introduction
 1.2 Origin of Soils
 1.3 Types of Weathering
 1.4 Soil Formation
 1.5 Major Soil Deposits of India
 1.6 Components of Soils
 1.7 Particle Sizes and Shapes
 1.8 InterParticle Forces
 1.9 Soil Minerals
 1.10 Soil–Water System
 1.11 PhysicoChemical Behaviour of Clays
 1.12 Soil Structure
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 2. Index Properties of Soils
 3. Identification and Classification of Soils

4. Compaction of Soils
 Chapter Highlights
 4.1 Introduction
 4.2 Principles of Compaction
 4.3 Compactive Effort
 4.4 Laboratory Compaction
 4.5 Field Compaction and Equipment
 4.6 Compaction Specification and Control
 4.7 Factors Affecting Compaction
 4.8 Effect of Compaction on Soil Structure
 4.9 Compaction Behaviour of Sand
 4.10 California Bearing Ratio Test
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

5. Permeability and Capillarity
 Chapter Highlights
 5.1 Introduction
 5.2 Water Flow
 5.3 Darcy’s Law
 5.4 Range of Validity of Darcian Flow
 5.5 Laboratory Permeability Tests
 5.6 Field Permeability Tests
 5.7 Permeability of Stratified Soils
 5.8 Values of Permeability
 5.9 Factors Affecting Permeability
 5.10 Surface Tension
 5.11 Capillary Phenomenon in Soils
 5.12 Shrinkage and Swelling of Soils
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

6. Seepage
 Chapter Highlights
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 Seepage Forces
 6.3 General Flow Equation
 6.4 Significance of Laplace’s Equation
 6.5 Properties and Applications of Flow Nets
 6.6 Construction of Flow Net
 6.7 Anisotropic Soil Conditions
 6.8 NonHomogeneous Soil Conditions
 6.9 Piping
 6.10 Design of Filters
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems
 7. Stress and Stress Distribution in Soil

8. Consolidation and Consolidation Settlement
 Chapter Highlights
 8.1 Introduction
 8.2 Rheological Models of Soils
 8.3 Compressibility of Soils
 8.4 OneDimensional Consolidation
 8.5 Consolidation test
 8.6 Compressibility Characteristics
 8.7 Types of Clay Deposits
 8.8 Prediction of PreConsolidated Pressure
 8.9 Rate of Consolidation
 8.10 Secondary Compression
 8.11 Consolidation Settlement and its Rates
 8.12 Acceleration of Consolidation by Sand Drains
 8.13 Compressibility of Sands
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

9. Shear Strength of Soils
 Chapter Highlights
 9.1 Introduction
 9.2 Stress–Strain Curve
 9.3 Mohr–Coulomb Failure Criterion
 9.4 Peak and Residual Shear Strengths
 9.5 Laboratory Measurement of Shear Strength
 9.6 Field Measurement of Shear Strength
 9.7 Shear Strength of Saturated Cohesive Soils
 9.8 Pore Pressure Coefficients
 9.9 Sensitivity of Cohesive Soils
 9.10 Thixotrophy of Clays
 9.11 Shear Strength of Granular Soils
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

10. Laboratory Measurement of Soil Properties
 Chapter Highlights
 10.1 Introduction
 10.2 Test No. 1: Preparation of Dry Soil Samples for Various Tests
 10.3 Test No. 2: Specific Gravity of Soil Solids\
 10.4 Test No. 3: Water Content Determination by OvenDrying Method
 10.5 Test No. 4: InPlace Dry Density of Soil by CoreCutter Method
 10.6 Test No. 5: InPlace Dry Density of Soil by the Sand Replacement Method
 10.7 Test No. 6: GrainSize Distribution by Sieve Analysis
 10.8 Test No. 7: GrainSize Distribution by Pipette Method
 10.9 Test No. 8: GrainSize Distribution by the Hydrometer Method
 10.10 Test No. 9: Liquid Limit of Soil
 10.11 Test No. 10: Plastic Limit of Soil
 10.12 Test No. 11: Shrinkage Factors of Soil
 10.13 Test No. 12: Linear Shrinkage of Soil
 10.14 Test No. 13: Permeability Test
 10.15 Test No. 14: Free Swell Index of Soils
 10.16 Test No. 15: Moisture Content – Dry Density Relationship (Standard Proctor Compaction Test)
 10.17 Test No. 16: Density Index of NonCohesive Soils
 10.18 Test No. 17: Consolidation Test
 10.19 Test No. 18: Unconfined Compression Test
 10.20 Test No. 19: Direct Shear Test
 10.21 Test No. 20: Triaxial Shear Test
 10.22 Test No. 21: California Bearing Ratio (CBR) Test
 Points to Remember
 Questions

11. Lateral Earth Pressure
 Chapter Highlights
 11.1 Introduction
 11.2 Limit Analysis and Limit Equilibrium Methods
 11.3 Earth Pressure at Rest
 11.4 Rankine’s States of Plastic Equilibrium
 11.5 Rankine’s Earth Pressure Theory
 11.6 Coulomb’s Earth Pressure Theory
 11.7 Culmann’s Graphical Method
 11.8 Poncelet’s Graphical Method
 11.9 Arching of Soils
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems
 12. EarthRetaining Structures

13. Stability of Slopes
 Chapter highlights
 13.1 Introduction
 13.2 Causes of Slope Failures
 13.3 Short and LongTerm Failures
 13.4 Types of Landslides and Slope Movements
 13.5 Factor of Safety
 13.6 Basic Concepts of Slope Stability Analysis
 13.7 Infinite and Finite Slopes
 13.8 Analysis of Infinite Slopes
 13.9 Analysis of Finite Slopes
 13.10 Selection of Shear Strength Parameters and Stability Analysis
 13.11 Slope Protection Measures
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

14. Bearing Capacity of Soils
 Chapter Highlights
 14.1 Introduction
 14.2 Bearing Capacity
 14.3 Modes of Shear Failure
 14.4 Terzaghi’s Bearing Capacity Theory
 14.5 Foundation Pressures
 14.6 Special Loading and Ground Conditions
 14.7 Other Bearing Capacity Theories
 14.8 Bearing Capacity of Soils from Building Code
 14.9 Permissible Settlements
 14.10 Allowable Bearing Pressure
 14.11 Estimation of Bearing Capacity from Field Tests
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

15. Shallow Foundations
 Chapter Highlights
 15.1 Introduction
 15.2 Design Criteria
 15.3 Types of Shallow Foundations
 15.4 Selection of the Type of Foundation
 15.5 Location and Depth of the Foundation
 15.6 Causes of Settlement
 15.7 Settlement of Shallow Foundations
 15.8 Design Steps for a Shallow Foundation
 15.9 Proportionating Footing Size
 15.10 Design of Combined Footings
 15.11 Mat Foundation
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

16. Pile Foundations
 Chapter Highlights
 16.1 Introduction
 16.2 Classification of Piles
 16.3 PileDriving Equipment
 16.4 Bearing Capacity of Single Pile
 16.5 UnderReamed Piles
 16.6 Pile Groups
 16.7 Uplift Resistance of Piles
 16.8 Lateral Resistance of Piles
 16.9 Inclined Loading of Vertical Piles
 16.10 Pile Cap
 Worked Examples
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems
 17. Drilled Piers and Caisson Foundations

18. Ground Investigation
 Chapter Highlights
 18.1 Introduction
 18.2 Planning the Ground Investigation Programme
 18.3 Types of Soil and Rock Samples
 18.4 Indirect Methods of SubSurface Exploration
 18.5 SemiDirect Methods of SubSurface Exploration
 18.6 Direct Methods of SubSurface Exploration
 18.7 Routine Field Tests
 18.8 Recording of Field Data
 18.9 Location, Spacing, and Depth of Borings
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems

19. Soil Improvement
 Chapter Highlights
 19.1 Introduction
 19.2 Improvement Techniques
 19.3 Surface Compaction
 19.4 Drainage Methods
 19.5 Vibration Methods
 19.6 PreCompression and Consolidation
 19.7 Grouting and Injection
 19.8 Chemical Stabilization
 19.9 Soil Reinforcement
 19.10 Geotextiles and Geomembranes
 19.11 Other Methods
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 Exercise Problems
 20. Embankment Dams

21. Dynamic Loading of Soil
 Chapter Highlights
 21.1 Introduction
 21.2 Earthquakes
 21.3 Other Dynamic Loads
 21.4 Theory of Vibrations
 21.5 Types of Machines and Machine Foundations
 21.6 Dynamic Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations
 21.7 Design Requirements
 21.8 Methods of Analysis for Block Foundation
 21.9 Liquefaction of Soils
 Points to Remember
 Questions
 22. Environmental Geotechnology
 23. Introductory Rock Mechanics
 Notes
 List of Symbols
 Bibliography
 Copyright
Product information
 Title: Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
 Author(s):
 Release date: July 2007
 Publisher(s): Pearson India
 ISBN: 9788131711774
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