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Soil Reinforcement for Anchor Plates and Uplift Response by Hamed Niroumand

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Appendix C

Variation of Breakout Factor With Embedment Ratio Based on the Author’s Empirical Formula

Models Experimental results, Nq PLAXIS results, Nq Embedment ratio, L/D
Loose sand Dense sand Loose sand Dense sand L/D
Circular plates 2.12 3.38 2.63 2.91 1
5.77 8.98 7.05 7.78 2
10.62 16.09 13 13.92 3
13.66 20.73 16.74 17.88 4
Square plates 1.66 2.64 2.06 2.29 1
4.53 6.93 5.53 5.99 2
8.27 12.45 10.14 10.75 3
10.67 15.98 13 13.80 4
Rectangular plates 5.53 8.98 6.80 7.75 1
15.14 23.14 18.47 19.97 2
29.15 44.59 35.55 38.48 3
46.49 69.58 56.70 60.22 4

Image

Friction angle in loose sand: Ø=38 degrees.Friction angle in dense ...

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