So far we have been fooling around with techniques that allow us to elaborate a single kernel sentence by adding to it words or phrases that act as modifiers, either bound or free. Now let’s turn to another essential way of adding more material to a single sentence: by combining it with other sentences. In order to learn how to do this, we need to add one more grammatical term to our vocabulary: the word clause.
An independent clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a complete sentence; that is, it contains both a subject and a predicate. The sentences we have been constructing so far are all independent ...