CHAPTER 4

The Outcome of Stigma: Stereotypes and Prejudices

The progression of human knowledge and understanding is responsible for discovering many truths and disproving many myths associated with a variety of life situations. The effects of stigma and other negative attributes are among those findings. On the myth side of the equation, it appears that the often-quoted idiom “Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me” is not scientifically sound.

One recent study, conducted by Harvard University and published by the Boston Medical Journal in January 2016, shows that negative psychological factors associated with anxiety, depression, and hostility directly affect a person’s physical and mental health on a molecular level. ...

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