Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the basic programming language of the World Wide Web. It’s the common thread that ties together virtually every website, from large-scale corporate sites like Microsoft’s to single-page classroom projects at the local grade school.

In simple terms, a webpage (or HTML document) is a plain text file that has been encoded using HTML so that it appears nicely formatted in a web browser. Here’s what HTML means, word-by-word:

  • Hypertext Text that you click to jump from document to document. This is a reference to the ability of webpages to link to one another.

  • Markup Tags that apply layout and formatting conventions to plain text. Literally, the plain text is “marked up” with the tags.

  • Language A reference ...

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