O'Reilly logo

Stockfotografie by Robert Kneschke

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

RV
pql`hclqldo^cfb
dÉëí~äíìåÖëêÉÖÉäå=Ñê=píçÅâÑçíçë= QKT
â~åå=áÅÜ=ãáÅÜ=áå=ÇÉê=cêÉáòÉáí=ïáêâäáÅÜ=~ìÑ=schöne=_áäÇÉê=âçåòÉåíêáÉêÉåI=ï®ÜJ
êÉåÇ=ÄÉá=ÇÉê=^êÄÉáí=ÇáÉ=sÉêâ®ìÑäáÅÜâÉáí=ò®ÜäíK
^ÄÉê=ï~åå=îÉêâ~ìÑí=ëáÅÜ=Éáå=cçíç=Öìí\
aáÉ=íê~ìêáÖÉ=t~ÜêÜÉáí=áëíW=pç= Ö~åò=ÖÉå~ì=ïÉá=Ç~ë=âÉáåÉêK=báå=j~å~ÖÉê=ÉáåÉê
ÖêçÉå= _áäÇ~ÖÉåíìê= ãÉáåíÉ= ã~äI= ÇáÉ= hìåÇÉå= ïêÇÉå= åìê= Å~K= NMB= ëÉáåÉë
_áäÇÄÉëí~åÇÉë=â~ìÑÉå=Ó=Ç~ë=mêçÄäÉã=ëÉá=åìêI=ÜÉê~ìëòìÑáåÇÉåI=ïÉäÅÜÉ=NMB
Ç~ë=ëáåÇK
jáê=ëÉäÄëí=ïìêÇÉå=ÖÉåìÖ=cçíçë=~ÄÖÉäÉÜåíI=ÇáÉ=îçå=~åÇÉêÉå=^ÖÉåíìêÉå=ÖÉêåÉ
ÖÉåçããÉå=ïìêÇÉå=ìåÇ=ëáÅÜ=Ççêí=Öìí= îÉêâ~ìÑÉåK= ^åÇÉêÉêëÉáíë= äáÉÖÉå= ~ÄÉê
~ìÅÜ=îÉêâ®ìÑäáÅÜ=ÖÉÖä~ìÄíÉ=jçíáîÉ=ïáÉ=_äÉá=áå=ãÉáåÉã=^êÅÜáîK
qêçíòÇÉã=ÖáÄí=Éë=ÉáåáÖÉ=oáÅÜíäáåáÉåI=ïáÉ=Éáå=píçÅâÑçíç=ÖÉëí~äíÉí=ïÉêÇÉå=ëçääíÉI
Ç~ãáí=Éë=ëáÅÜ=ãÖäáÅÜëí=Öìí=îÉêâ~ìÑíK
QKT dbpq^iqrkdpobdbik=c§o=
pql`hclqlp
tÉê=ÖìíÉ=píçÅâÑçíçë=ã~ÅÜÉå=ïáääI=ëçääíÉ=âìêò=ÄÉêäÉÖÉåI=ïáÉ=cçíçë=ÜÉ ìíòìJ
í~ÖÉ=ÖÉâ~ìÑí=ïÉêÇÉåK=ÜÉê= Ö~Ä=Éë=ÇáÅâÉI=ÄìåíÉ= h~í~äçÖÉ=ãáí=ÉáåÉê=^ìëJ
ï~Üä=Ç Éê=ÄÉëíÉå=cçíçë=ÉáåÉê=_áäÇ~ÖÉåíìêI= ÇáÉ=ÇÉå=éçíÉåòáÉääÉå=h®ìÑÉê å=Öê~íáë
òìÖÉëÅÜáÅâí=ïìêÇÉå=ìåÇ=ÄÉèìÉã=ÇìêÅÜÖÉÄä®ííÉêí=ïÉêÇÉå=âçååíÉåK
aáÉ=cçíçÖê~ÑÉåI= ÇÉêÉå=cçíçë=áå=ÉáåÉ ã=ëçäÅÜÉå=h ~í~äçÖ=~ìÑí~ìÅÜíÉåI=âçååíÉå
ëáÅÜ=ÄÉê=ÉáåÉ=sÉêîáÉäÑ~ÅÜìåÖ=ÇÉê=sÉêâ®ìÑÉ=ÑêÉìÉåK
c~ëí=~ääÉå=_áäÇ~ÖÉåíìêÉå=áëí=ÇÉê=aêìÅâ=ìåÇ=sÉêë~åÇ=ÇÉê=ëÅÜïÉêÉåI=ÇìêÅÜÖÉJ
ÜÉåÇ=Ñ~êÄáÖÉå=h~í~äçÖÉ=áåòïáëÅÜÉå=~ÄÉê=òì=íÉìÉê=ÖÉïçêÇÉåK=eÉìíÉ=âååÉå
ëáÅÜ=ÇáÉ=_áäÇâ®ìÑÉê=áã=fåíÉê åÉí=ÇìêÅÜ=ÇÉå=ÖÉë~ãíÉå=_áäÇÄÉëí~åÇ=ÉáåÉê=^ÖÉåJ
íìê=âäáÅâÉåK
a~ë=ÄÉÇÉìíÉí=Ñê=ÇáÉ=cçíçÖê~ÑÉå=ÉáåÉêëÉáíëI=Ç~ëë=ÇáÉ=`Ü~åÅÉ=ëíÉáÖíI=ÖÉëÉÜÉå
òì=ïÉêÇÉåK=^åÇÉêÉêëÉáíë=ëáÉÜí=ÇÉê=h®ìÑÉê=~äë=bêëíÉë=Éáå=âäÉáåÉë=ÊqÜìãÄå~áäÂ
Ó=ÉáåÉ=ëí~êâ=îÉêâäÉáåÉêíÉ=sÉêëáçå=ÇÉë=cçíçë=Ó=ìåÇ=ÉåíëÅÜÉáÇÉí=~åÜ~åÇ=ÇÉëJ
ëÉåI=çÄ=Éê=Ç~ê~ìÑ=âäáÅâíI=ìã=ãÉÜê=aÉí~áäë=òì=ÉêÑ~ÜêÉå=ìåÇ=Ç~ë=cçíç=òì=â~ìJ
ÑÉåK
píçÅâÑçíçë= î Éêâ~ìÑÉå= ëáÅÜ= ÄÉëëÉêI= ïÉåå= ëáÉ= ~ìÅÜ= ÊâäÉáåÂ= táêâìåÖ= òÉáÖÉåK
^ìÑ=ÇÉå=tÉÄëÉáíÉå=îçå=cçíçJ`çããìåáíáÉë=ÖáÄí=Éë=çÑí=ÖÉåìÖ=cçíçÖê~ÑÉåI=ÇáÉ
áÜê= sçêëÅÜ~ìÄáäÇ= ãáí= ÇÉå= tçêíÉå=âçããÉåíáÉêÉåW=Êa~ë= _áäÇ= ïáêâí= Éêëí= Öêç
êáÅÜíáÖ=ÖìíKÂ=a~ë=ï®êÉ=Ç~åå=âÉáå=ÖìíÉë=píçÅâÑçíçK
aáÉ= îáÉê= ÖÉòÉáÖíÉå= sçêëÅÜ~ìÄáäÇÉê= EÊqÜìãÄå~áäëÂF= ä~ëëÉ å= íêçíò= áÜêÉê= âäÉáåÉå
∏≈É=ÇÉìíäáÅÜ=ÉêâÉååÉåI=ï~ë=ÇáÉ=^ìëë~ÖÉ=ÇÉë=cçíçë=ëÉáå=ëçääK
SM
pql`hclqldo^cfb
dÉëí~äíìåÖëêÉÖÉäåh~éáíÉä=Q
Abbildung 4.9
Thumbnail 1
Abbildung 4.10
Thumbnail 2
Abbildung 4.11
Thumbnail 3
Abbildung 4.12
Thumbnail 4
hçããÉå=ïáê=åìå=òì=ÇÉå=qáééë=Ñê=ÖìíÉ=píçÅâÑçíçëK
Klarheit
aáÉ= ^ìëë~ÖÉ= ÉáåÉë= píçÅâÑçíçë= ëçääíÉ= ëçÑçêí= òì= ÉêâÉååÉå= ëÉáåK= pÉá= Éë= ÉáåÉ
bãçíáçå=ïáÉ=cêÉìÇÉI=qê~ìÉêI=i~åÖÉïÉáäÉ=çÇÉê=tìí=çÇÉê=Éáå=hçåòÉéí=ïáÉ=cêáÉJ
ÇÉåI=oìÜÉ=çÇÉê=bêÑçäÖW=aáÉ=_çíëÅÜ~Ñí=ãìëë=êÄÉêâçããÉå=Ó=~ìÅÜ=áå=â äÉáåK
tÉåáÖÉê=áëí=ãÉÜêK
SN
pql`hclqldo^cfb
dÉëí~äíìåÖëêÉÖÉäå=Ñê=píçÅâÑçíçë= QKT
a~Ñê=ÜáäÑí=ÉëI=ëçïçÜä=ÇÉå=sçêÇÉêJ=~äë=~ìÅÜ=ÇÉå=eáåíÉêÖêìåÇ=îçå=ÇÉå=aáåÖÉå
òì=Ä ÉÑêÉáÉåI=ÇáÉ=åáÅÜí=òìê=^ìëë~ÖÉ=ÇÉë=_áäÇÉë=ÄÉáíê~ÖÉåK= tÉåå=áÅÜ=Êçå=äçÅ~J
íáçåÂ=cçíçë=ã~ÅÜÉI=òìã=_ÉáëéáÉä=áå=ÉáåÉê=tçÜåìåÖ=çÇÉê=^éçíÜÉâÉI=ïáêÇ=Éêëí
ã~ä=êáÅÜíáÖ=~ìÑÖÉê®ìãíK=
a~åå= Ü®åÖÉ= áÅÜ= ÉîÉåíìÉää= ëíêÉåÇÉ= _áäÇÉê= îçå= ÇÉå= t®åÇÉå= ~ÄI= îçã
pÅÜêÉáÄíáëÅÜ= ïÉêÇÉå= ÇáÉ= aáåÖÉ= ÉåíÑÉêåíI= ÇáÉ= Ççêí= åáÅÜí= ÜáåÖÉÜêÉå= EòK_K
k~ÖÉäëÅÜÉêÉI=jåòÉåI= `aJeääÉåF= ìåÇ=Ñ~ääë= ÇáÉ= ^ìëëáÅÜí= ~ìë= ÇÉã= cÉåëíÉê
åáÅÜíëìáÉíÉå~íIÉêÇÉåáÉ=sçêÜ®åÖÉìÖÉòçÖÉåK=fã=m~êâ®ìãÉÅÜ
ûëíÉ=~ìë=ÇÉã=_äáÅâÑÉäÇ=ìåÇ=ÜÉÄÉ=ÇÉå=jää=~ìÑK
^ìÅÜ=Ç áÉ=jçÇÉäë=ëÉäÄëí=âååÉå=~ìÑ=Ç~ë=kíáÖëíÉ=êÉÇìòáÉêí=ïÉêÇÉåK=lÑí=ÄáííÉ
áÅÜ= ëáÉI= oáåÖÉI= hÉííÉåI= ^êãÄ®åÇÉê= çÇÉê= rÜêÉå= ~ÄòìåÉÜãÉå= çÇÉê= ÖÉÖÉå
ëÅÜäáÅÜíÉ= sÉêëáçåÉå= ~ìëòìí~ìëÅÜÉåI= Ç~ãáí= ÇáÉ= ^ìÑãÉêâë~ãâÉáí= ~ìÑ= ÇÉã
dÉëáÅÜí=ÄäÉáÄíK
Größe
sçê=~ääÉã=^åÑ®åÖÉê=ã~ÅÜÉå=ÇáÉëÉå=cÉÜäÉêW=fã=rêä~ìÄ=áëí=ÇÉê=ÄÉêÜãíÉ=qìêã
Ö~åò= ~ìÑ= ÇÉã= _áäÇ= ìåÇ= ìåíÉå= ÇêìåíÉê= ëáåÇ= ÇáÉ= ëíçäòÉå= rêä~ìÄÉ ê= â~ìã= òì
ÉêâÉååÉåK=gÉÇÉë=cçíç=ïáêÇ=Ç~åå=âçããÉåíáÉêí=ãáí=Êa~ë=ëáåÇ=eÉáåò=ìåÇ=fåÖJ
êáÇÂI=ÊeáÉê=Ü~ÄÉå=ïáê=ìåë=ãáí=gêÖÉå=ÖÉíêçÑÑÉåÂ=ìåÇ=ëç=ïÉáíÉêK
aáÉ=cçíçë=ëçääíÉå=Ñê=ëáÅÜ=ëÉäÄëí=ëéêÉÅÜÉåK=aÉëÜ~äÄW=ÇáÅÜíÉê=ê~å>=tÉåå=ÇáÉ
_áäÇ~ìëë~ÖÉ=ÉáåÉ=bãçíáçå=ëÉáå=ëçääI= ~ìÅÜ=êìÜáÖ=ã~ä=ÄÉê=ÇÉê=píáêå=~ÄëÅÜåÉáJ
ÇÉåI=Ç~ãáí=ÇáÉ=jáãáâ=Öê∏≈Éê=òì=ÉêâÉååÉå=áëíK
Abbildung 4.13
Der Ausschnitt konzentriert
sich auf das trauernde
Gesicht.
SO
pql`hclqldo^cfb
dÉëí~äíìåÖëêÉÖÉäåh~éáíÉä=Q
lÇÉê=ÉáåÑ~ÅÜ= aÉí~áäë=òÉáÖÉåK=aÉê= cì=ÄÉê=dä~ëëÅÜÉêÄÉå=îÉêÇÉìíäáÅÜí=dÉÑ~Üê
ìåÇ=oáëáâçI=ÇáÉ=péêáíòÉ=~åÉê=iáééÉíÉÜí=Ñê=pÅÜåÜÉáíëçéÉê~íáçåÉå=ìåÇ=ÇáÉ
e~åÇI=ïÉäÅÜÉ=dÉäÇ=áå=ÇáÉ=eçëÉåí~ëÅÜÉ=ëíÉÅâíI=â~åå=bêÑçäÖI=oÉáÅÜíìãI=~ÄÉê
~ìÅÜ=_ÉíêìÖ=ìåÇ=hçêêìéíáçå=îÉêëáååÄáäÇäáÅÜÉåK
Abbildung 4.14
Klare Aussage mit
schlichtem Bildaufbau
^ìÅÜ=oÉèìáëáíÉå=ëçääíÉå=äáÉÄÉê=òì=Öêç=~äëìäÉáåÉáåK=o~íÉå=páÉ~äIáÉ
Öêç=ÇÉê=pÅÜê~ìÄÉåëÅÜäëëÉä=ÇÉë=_~ì~êÄÉáíÉêë=~ìÑ=ÇÉã=cçíç=QKNR=áëí=Á=a~ë
qÉáä=áëí=dê∏≈É=QS=ìåÇ=ïáÉÖí=ëíçäòÉ=NIN=háäçK=^ìÑ=ÇÉã=cçíç=ï áêâí=Éê=ïÉëÉåíäáÅÜ
âäÉáåÉêK=^ìëå~ÜãÉå=îçå=ÇáÉëÉê=oÉÖÉä=Éêâä®êÉ=áÅÜ=áã=h~éáíÉä=ÊoÉèìáëáíÉåÂK
Abbildung 4.15
Große Requisiten wirken
normal, kleine zu klein.
SP
pql`hclqldo^cfb
dÉëí~äíìåÖëêÉÖÉäå=Ñê=píçÅâÑçíçë= QKT
Textfreiraum
iÉêåÉå=páÉáÉ=_áäÇâìåÇÉåÉååÉåK=pÅÜ~ìÉå=páÉáÅÜÉÖÉäã®áÖ= áå= wÉáíJ
ëÅÜêáÑíÉå=~åI=åáÅÜí=åìê=wasê=cçíçëI=ëçåÇÉê å=~ìÅÜ=wie=cçíçëÉåìíòíÉêJ
ÇÉåK
_áäÇêÉÇ~âíÉìêÉ= îçå= wÉáíìåÖÉå= ìåÇ= wÉáíëÅÜêáÑíÉå= äáÉÄÉå= ÉëI= ïÉåå= ëáÉ= qÉñí
ÇìêÅÜ=Ç~ë=_áäÇ=ÑäáÉÉå=ä~ëëÉå=âååÉå=ìåÇ=Éê=íêçíòÇÉã=Öìí=äÉëÄ~ê=ÄäÉáÄíK=tÉêJ
ÄÉâìåÇÉå=Äê~ìÅÜÉå=o~ìãI=ìã=áÜêÉå=päçÖ~å=òì=éä~íòáÉêÉå=ìåÇ=ÉáåÉ=píÉääÉI=~å
ÇÉê=Ç~ë=mêçÇìâí=ÉáåÖÉÑÖí=ïÉêÇÉå=â~ååK
aÉëïÉÖÉå=áëí=Éë=ëáååîçääI=~ìÑ=ÇÉå=cçíçë=Éíï~ë=mä~íò=òì=ä~ëëÉåI=Ç~ãáí=aÉëáÖJ
åÉê= ãáí= ÇÉã= cçíç= ÜÉêìãëéáÉäÉå= âååÉåK= fã= båÖäáëÅÜÉå= ïáêÇ= ÇáÉëÉê= mä~íò
Ê`çéó= pé~ÅÉÂ= çÇÉê= ÊkÉÖ~íáîÉ= pé~ÅÉÂ= Eâìêò= ÊkÉÖ= pé~ÅÉÂF= ÖÉå~ååíI= áã
aÉìíëÅÜÉå=Ü~í=ëáÅÜ=ÇÉê=_ÉÖêáÑÑ=ÊqÉñíÑêÉáê~ìãÂ=ÉáåÖÉÄêÖÉêíK
Abbildung 4.16
Ein Foto vom Fotolia-
Workshop in Berlin 2008
im Einsatz
tÉê=ïáÉ=áÅÜ=ÖÉêåÉ=îçê=ïÉáÉã=eáåíÉêÖêìåÇ=ÑçíçÖê~ÑáÉêíI=Äê~ìÅÜí=ÇÉå=qÉñíÑêÉáJ
ê~ìã=åáÅÜí=òì=ÖêçòÖáÖ=òì=ÖÉëí~äíÉåI=Ç~=ÇÉê=hìåÇÉ=Ç~ë=tÉáÉá=_ÉÇ~êÑ
ëÉäÄëí= ÉêÖ®åòÉå= â~ååK= a~ë= cçíç= áå= ^ÄÄáäÇìåÖÉå= QKNR= â~åå= ÄÉáëéáÉäëïÉáëÉ
éêçÄäÉãäçë=áå=ÇêÉá=îçå=îáÉê=oáÅÜíìåÖÉå=ìåÉåÇäáÅÜ=îÉêä®åÖÉêí=ïÉêÇÉåK
^åÇÉêë= ëáÉÜí= Éë = ÄÉá= cçíçë= ãáí= eáåíÉêÖêåÇÉå= ~ìëK= eáÉê= ïêÇÉ= Éë= ëÅÜåÉää
ìåë~ìÄÉê=~ìëëÉÜÉåI=ïÉåå=ÇÉê=hìåÇÉ=îÉêëìÅÜíÉI=ÇÉå=eáåíÉêÖêìåÇ=âåëíäáÅÜ
òì=ÉêïÉáíÉêåK=d ÉåìÖ=mä~íò=ëçääíÉ=ÄÉáã=cçíçÖê~ÑáÉêÉå=ÉáåÖÉêÉÅÜåÉí=ïÉêÇÉåK
^ÄÄáäÇìåÖÉå=QKNT=òÉáÖíI=ïáÉ=áå=ÉáåÉã=cçíç=mä~íò=Ñê=qÉñí=ÖÉä~ëëÉå=ïÉêÇÉå
â~ååK=^ÄÉê=~ìÅÜ=çÜåÉ=ÇÉå=qÉñí=ïêÇÉ=Ç~ë=cçíç=åáÅÜí=òì=ÊäÉÉêÂ=ïáêâÉåK

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required