Conclusion

The publication of our book has come when a paradigm shift is occurring. We are entering a time characterized by the end of Panopticism developed by Jeremy Bentham where “to see without being seen and to be seen without seeing” is no longer operative, in a horizontal panopticism or reversed panopticism where the surveillance of all by all applies [BOR 16]. In such a context:

  • – the digital revolution and its algorithms disrupt cognitive practices by considerably increasing their capacity;
  • – the development of a collective intelligence places the citizen at the heart of a knowledge system fundamentally challenging the pyramidal organization of the intelligence of economic and political situations.

A wise observation of the modes of public and private governance leads us to highlight a generalized state of strategy vacuum [BAU 14]. The elites, the rulers, the decision-makers, the managers and the economic and social political world cease providing the relevant answers to crises and can no longer provide a long-term vision, but only a “universe of tactics” based mainly on the reproduction of the past focusing on static rent-seeking. Do not imagine that we are in an increasingly dynamic world that leads to ineffective business models to meet the current and future challenges of our societies. Our intelligences have become blind and irresponsible [MOR 99] and they must join the “paradigm of the general or epistemic complexity” that is formed in more open crucibles. The ...

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